Oslo is the capital and most populous city of Norway. It constitutes both a county and a municipality. Founded in the year 1040, and established as a kaupstad or trading place in 1048 by Harald Hardrada, the city was elevated to a bishopric in 1070 and a capital under Haakon V of Norway around 1300. Personal unions with Denmark from 1397 to 1523 and again from 1536 to 1814 and with Sweden from 1814 to 1905 reduced its influence. After being destroyed by a fire in 1624, during the reign of King Christian IV, a new city was built closer to Akershus Fortress and named Christiania in the king’s honour. It was established as a municipality (formannskapsdistrikt) on 1 January 1838. Following a spelling reform, it was known as Kristiania from 1877 until 1925, in which year the Norwegian name Oslo replaced Kristiania.
The Trainee Programme for Persons with Disabilities is an integral part of the Action Plan for Persons with Disabilities (Department of Primary Health and Social Affairs, City of Oslo)
The main objective of the programme is to increase the proportion of people with long-term disabilities of a physical or mental nature to meet the Oslo municipality’s need for skilled personnel and be employed by the municipality. Persons with disabilities are recruited based on their qualifications. In order to be considered for the position it is necessary to have both the right qualifications and a physical or mental disability. If no qualified applicants come forward, the position can be “re-advertised” without the requirement of being disabled. The first trainees in this programme started in August 2014. Since then 20 trainees have been employed and 29 different positions have been advertised.
All enterprises in the municipality can take part by identifying any vacant positions due to be advertised and to assess whether any of these could be suitable for the programme.
All trainees are allocated a mentor, which contributes to the personal and professional development of the trainee and supports managers through the process. During the recruitment process it is also established whether any reasonable accommodation alterations are necessary.
Trainees are paid by the employing enterprise itself, not via state support and are treated equally in remuneration as their colleagues based on the job performed.
From 2018 the programme is implemented as an ordinary method and one person will coordinate it. The name changes to “Recruitment programme for people with disabilities”.